The Polish higher education system is based on a three-cycle structure. It covers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral degrees.

First-cycle studies (3 to 4 years) leading to the professional title of a licencjat or inżynier. This is the Polish equivalent of the Bachelor’s degree. It is focused on preparing students for future employment or for continued education within a Master’s degree programme.

Second-cycle studies – Master’s degree programme (1,5 to 2 years) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master (magister). It is focused on theoretical knowledge as well as the application and development of creative skills. Master’s degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (PhD).

Long-cycle studies last 5 years. They are based on an integrated program that includes both Bachelor and Master studies. Completion of this program provides qualifications equivalent to a post-secondary Master's degree. Long-cycle studies are offered in the following fields of study: Acting, Dental Studies, Medicine, Medical Analysis, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy, Film Image Production and Photography, Pre-School and Early School Pedagogy, Psychology and Law.

Education at the doctoral school lasts 3 to 4 years. Admission to the doctoral school takes place through a competition on the principles set out by the University Senate or the Scientific Council. A student of doctoral school receives a scholarship for 4 years.

Higher education institutions run full-time and extramural studies (part-time, classes during weekends). Studies can be conducted on the practical profile (more than half of the ECTS points are assigned to classes developing practical skills) or academic profile (more than half of the ECTS points are assigned to classes related to the scientific activity conducted at the University).